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Essential Measures are only those items that are critical to the collection of the Measure or are necessary for the interpretation of results. Essential Measures are integral to the Measure. Without such information the data collected would be incomplete and/or misleading.
An additional PhenX Measure that the user may find helpful based on the selection of a particular PhenX Measure. Related PhenX Measures can include additional Measures that are needed to calculate a Derived Variable (e.g., Weight and Height are needed to calculate BMI), Measures that are commonly used in presentations and publications to present the value of the chosen Measures (e.g., Height and Weight by Race and Ethnicity), Measures that are conceptually related to the chosen Measure (e.g., Current Educational Attainment is conceptually related to Annual Family Income and Arm Span is conceptually related to Height), Measures that are physiologically and/or biologically related to the chosen Measure (e.g., Stroke and Heart Disease). Related PhenX Measures are suggestions only.
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Browse » Domains » Demographics » Gender

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Measure: Gender   #010700


Question asking the respondent for his or her self-conception of being male or female.


Gender refers to a person’s self-representation as male or female.

Gender and sex are often misunderstood, and although they are related there are distinct differences between the two characteristics. Biological sex is a characteristic of living things, and a classification of male or female is given based on the individual’s reproductive organs and functions assigned by chromosomal complement. Gender is captured for sociological and epidemiological reasons.

Gender is one of the most basic variables captured in any biomedical or health-related research study. Differences in the prevalence and severity of a broad range of diseases, disorders, and conditions exist between the sexes.



Demographics, sex, male, female, transsexual, transgender, California Health Interview Survey, CHIS

Measure Release Date: May 31, 2016

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