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Essential Measures are only those items that are critical to the collection of the Measure or are necessary for the interpretation of results. Essential Measures are integral to the Measure. Without such information the data collected would be incomplete and/or misleading.
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Browse » Domains » Social Environments » School Social Environment

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Measure: School Social Environment   #211000


This measure is a questionnaire to assess an adolescent respondent’s perceptions of the quality and character of his or her school social environment, which in educational literature most frequently is referenced as school climate.


This measure can be used to evaluate the quality of a school’s social environment by collecting information on an adolescent’s self-perception of his or her school life experiences. School social environments that adversely affect the mental health of young people may externalize disorders. Hicks et al. (2009) found consistent patterns of gene-environment interplay between externalizing disorders (antisocial behavior and substance use) and several environmental risk factors, including academic achievement and engagement, antisocial and prosocial peer affiliations, mother-child and father-child relationship problems, and stressful life events. Except for parent relationship problems, these measured risk factors may be influenced markedly by exposure to unique school social environments (often referenced as school climate) every school day for up to 13 formative years, during which children and adolescents may be particularly susceptible.


Essential Measures

Current Age

Other Social Stressors


Social environments, schools, teacher relationships, school connectedness, academic support, order and discipline, school physical environment, school social environment, perceived exclusion, privilege, academic satisfaction

Measure Release Date: May 31, 2016

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