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Essential Measures are only those items that are critical to the collection of the Measure or are necessary for the interpretation of results. Essential Measures are integral to the Measure. Without such information the data collected would be incomplete and/or misleading.
An additional PhenX Measure that the user may find helpful based on the selection of a particular PhenX Measure. Related PhenX Measures can include additional Measures that are needed to calculate a Derived Variable (e.g., Weight and Height are needed to calculate BMI), Measures that are commonly used in presentations and publications to present the value of the chosen Measures (e.g., Height and Weight by Race and Ethnicity), Measures that are conceptually related to the chosen Measure (e.g., Current Educational Attainment is conceptually related to Annual Family Income and Arm Span is conceptually related to Height), Measures that are physiologically and/or biologically related to the chosen Measure (e.g., Stroke and Heart Disease). Related PhenX Measures are suggestions only.
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Browse » Domains » Pregnancy » Mode of Delivery

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Measure: Mode of Delivery   #241300


Information about the initiating event of a woman’s delivery, the mode of delivery, and if it was an assisted delivery.


The mode of delivery may influence the health of the mother. Cesarean deliveries are becoming more common in the United States, often performed without a medical reason, and put the mother at increased risk of infection, hemorrhaging, blood clots, or experiencing a reaction to the anesthesia. Mode of delivery may also impact the health of the neonate. Cesarean section in the absence of labor has been associated with an increased occurrence of difficulties in respiratory transition to newborn life; for example, an increased risk of transient tachypnea of the newborn. Instrumental vaginal deliveries (forceps and vacuum) have been associated with increased risk of birth injuries such as facial nerve damage (forceps) and subgaleal hematomas (vacuum).



Pregnancy, vaginal delivery, cesarean delivery, Pregnancy Risk Assessment Monitoring System, PRAMS, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, CDC, Maternal Fetal Medicine Units Network, MFMU, A Randomized Trial of Induction Versus Expectant Management, ARRIVE

Measure Release Date: January 31, 2017

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